Summer is often a time when people recharge and renew by taking a vacation. If you and your family are planning to travel, you should take precautions against infectious diseases that can be prevented by vaccination or preventive medicine. Depending on your destination, you may come in contact with viruses and bacteria that you have never been exposed to, increasing your chances of getting sick. Many of these infectious agents have available vaccines that can be obtained before you travel. Some vaccines are required when traveling to certain places. Below are some useful tips if you are planning on traveling outside of the United States.
Many vaccines take time to provide optimal protection and some require more than one dose. It is recommended to know well in advance which vaccines you'll need in order to have sufficient time for administration. It's also important to know about special vaccine requirements for certian individuals. People with a weak or altered immune system, children, or women who are pregnant or breastfeeding may need different vaccines. For more information, visit: https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/
Where to find travel vaccines:
Talk to your health care practitioner about recommended vaccines. Some can be given in the office. Certain vaccines must be given at authorized centers. Your health care pracititioner can assist with finding centers near you. In addition, Dr. Sipperly at Family Practice Great Oaks will see CapitalCare patients who need travel vaccines.
|Malaria||Africa, Central and South America, parts of the Caribbean, Asia, Eastern Europe, and the South Pacific.||An oral prescription medication can be taken throughout the trip for protection.|
|Countries with poor sanitation and public hygiene in rural or urban areas. Vaccination is recommended especially if you are travelling in developing countries and staying with locals.||2 dose series. Give the first dose as soon as trabel is considered and the second dose 6 months after.|
|Hepatisis B||Southeast Asia, Middle East, South and Western Pacific and parts of the Caribbean. The risk to most travelers is low, but becomes higher if they have sex with an infected person, recieve a transfusion, have medical procedures, get tattoos or piercings or recieve acupuncture with needles that are not sterile.||3 dose series at months 0, 1 and 6.|
|Most areas of Asia, specifically during the rainy season. You are at higher risk if you are traveling to rural areas, will be outside frequently, or will be traveling for a long period of time.||3 doses on days 0, 7-14 and 28. You will be immune one month after for final dose.|
|Typhoid||Highest risk in Africa, Far East and South America.||Available as a pill or injection.|
|Yellow Fever||Tropical Africa and South America. You may be required to show a Yellow Fever vaccination certificate to enter certian countries.||Must be given 10 days before leaving.|